Monthly Archives: May 2015

South of the North

Segregation in « Southern European » Cities

Rome, June 8-9 2015

École française de Rome Piazza Navona, 62 00186 Rome

Organized by:

EFR; Géographie-Cités (CNRS/Universités de Paris I et Paris VII),  Calhiste (Université de Valenciennes) « Culture, politica e società »  (Università di Torino)

Convenors: Thomas Pfirsch, Giovanni Semi, Dominique Rivière

Presentation

Cities in Southern Europe play a pivotal role in the debate on urban segregation and globalization.  For instance, it is since 1990 that some researchers have suggested the idea of a Mediterranean “resistance” to post-fordist social and spatial transformations. Cities in the Mediterranean would therefore provide a hybrid model between both “North” and “South” characterized by a weak social segregation. This thesis has been for a long time waiting for an empirical validation, which is now available due to recent works showing the decreasing rate of residential segregation in specific southern European cities, while on the other hand the rising of new urban segregation patterns, less dependent on the sole application of the gentrification model and rather mixing both low residential segregation with social marginalization processes, has been witnessed. Does Southern European cities really rely on specific patterns and levels of segregation? Bringing together papers on Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece, while comparing them with Northern Europe, North America and the Global South, we aim at providing a critical state of the art on segregation within Southern European countries that will open up a more general debate on the global-local nexus in the contemporary age. Scrutinizing the differences among « Northern » and « Southern » cities, among « North-American » and « European » or among « Northern Europeans » and « Mediterranean» ones, we will provide an insight on the existence and relevance of urban and regional models in the global era as well as a discussion of the international circulation of urban theories. This is the 4th meeting of the program “Italie, recompositions territoriales” of the École française de Rome

Programme

Monday June 8, 2015

École française de Rome Salle de conférence, 1st  floor

9.15 Welcome by François Dumasy (EFR) and Dominique Rivière (Université Paris-Diderot- EFR)

Introduction : Thomas Pfirsch (Université de Valenciennes) and Giovanni Semi (Università di Torino)   Continue reading

Commercial Litigations in the Mediterranean (15th-19th c.)

Joseph VERNET, L’intérieur du port de Marseille vu du pavillon de l’Horloge du Parc (1754)

Paris, 18-20 juin 2015

Salle Marc Bloch (galerie Rollin, escalier C, 2e étage)

Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne

17, rue de la Sorbonne 75005, Paris

Présentation

Que nous apprennent les artéfacts probatoires produits pour régler les litiges commerciaux au sujet de la configuration juridique de la Méditerranée entre les xve et xixe siècles ?

Depuis 2012, le programme européen ConfigMed s’attache à étudier les litiges commerciaux, le pluralisme juridique et le commerce interculturel en Méditerranée, à la croisée de traditions, de régimes et de référents juridiques divers dont il s’agit d’étudier les rencontres, les compromis et les éventuelles contaminations à partir des conflits impliquant des acteurs économiques venus d’Europe, de l’empire ottoman et du Maghreb.

Ce workshop ambitionne de poursuivre ces travaux et ces réflexions en mettant tout particulièrement l’accent sur la production et la circulation des éléments de preuve en Méditerranée. En partant de l’examen des certificats, des attestations et des déclarations, on tâchera d’examiner leurs effets, tant sur le monde des affaires que sur des systèmes juridiques souvent pensés comme étanches. Continue reading

Cfp: Inquiring Temporal Otherness

Inquiring Temporal Otherness: Timekeeping and Attitudes towards Time in the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire (16th-20th c.)

International Workshop: Rethymno – Institute for Mediterranean Studies-FORTH

( October 23-24, 2015)

CALL FOR PAPERS

The diffusion and imposition of Western European timekeeping devices, systems and practices throughout the globe was accompanied by attitudes and norms towards time characterized by calculative rationality. These long historical processes of cultural transfer and socio-cultural transformation were deployed in uneven and, at times, conflictual manner throughout the modern era. Being to a large extent by-product of these processes, the construction of temporal otherness of non-Western societies by European episteme has suffered sweeping and just critiques, mostly in anthropological literature. Nonetheless, as our world gets more and more globalized and attuned to the universal Clock and Calendar Time, cultural difference in the attitudes towards time, real or imagined, continues to inform public discourse and the perceptions and constructions of the Other and the Self. This observation supports the thesis that temporal “modernization” has been an uneven, inherently contradictory and probably perennially incomplete process which cannot be meaningfully understood unless the historical experience of non-Western societies be taken seriously into consideration.

The history of timekeeping systems and practices, as well as of the attitudes towards time in the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire has long been neglected or overshadowed by the dominant Eurocentric and Orientalist modernization paradigm. Nevertheless, the last years we are witnessing a novel, theoretically informed, interest in relevant questions, mostly by Ottomanist and to a lesser extent by Balkanist social historians and historians of architecture, a research activity which gradually sets the ground for a successful inscription of the regional historical record and experience to the broader global picture.    Continue reading

CFP: Session on ‘Boat people’: Past and Present

CFP: Session on ‘Boat people’: Past and Present (Extended deadline: 13 May 2015)

European Social Science History Conference (ESSHC) Valencia, 30 March-2 April 2016, Ethnicity and Migration Network

In recent months, there has been extensive political and public discussion about undocumented immigrants crossing the Mediterranean by boat. But this is not the first time that migrants have fled economic chaos, war and human rights abuses in this way. Well-known historical examples include the Vietnamese ‘boat people’ who sailed throughout Southeast Asia in the 1970s, Haitians and Cubans who attempted to reach the United State in the 1980s, and Albanians who crossed the Adriatic to Italy in the 1990s. Since 2000, boat people have reached the shores of industrialised countries in increasing numbers, most notably in southern Europe and Australia. But other states around the world have also had to grapple with the issue, such as Yemen and India.

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CfP : Book “Mapping Migration, Identity, and Space”

Book project “Mapping Migration, Identity, and Space”

Call for Chapters – Abstracts due May 15, 2015

This interdisciplinary collection of essays focuses on the ways in which movements of people across natural, political, and cultural boundaries shape identities that are inexorably linked to actual and imagined space that individuals on the move cross, inhabit, and leave behind. As conflicts over identities and space continue to erupt on a regular basis, and while those from previous eras are far from resolved, this book provides readings of the relationship between migration, identity, and space from a fresh and innovative perspective.

A focus on space and place makes it possible to integrate field-specific research methods and formulate questions that are relevant and timely in different geographical contexts and historical periods. While the term mapping is often used as a metaphor for analyses that do not necessarily consider geographical space as a variable, this volume maps migration and identity. The essays showcase not only conceptual studies, but also include actual maps. The inclusion of graphic depictions of, for instance, the relevant landscapes allows the authors to evaluate the benefits and the shortcomings of adapting questions and findings into abstract or positivist representations of the world. While maps make it possible to analyze and visualize the ways in which migration, identity, and space are inherently connected, maps also may reduce the complexity and ambiguity of the persistent problems addressed in the essays.

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Exhibition and new volume: Camera Ottomana

Camera Ottomana

Photography and Modernity in the Ottoman Empire, 1840-1914

21 Apr 2015, 10:0019 Aug 2015, 18:30 Curated by

Zeynep Çelik, Edhem Eldem, Bahattin Öztuncay

Tuesday-Saturday: 10:00-18:30 / Sunday: 12:00-18:30

The exhibition explores some of the most striking aspects of the close connection between photography and modernity in the specificity of the Ottoman Empire. Curated by Zeynep Çelik, Edhem Eldem and Bahattin Öztuncay, the exhibition mainly consists of albums and archival materials from Ömer M. Koç Collection as well as photographs from the albums commissioned by the Sultan Abdülhamid II.

After the birth of photography in 1839, the Empire embraced the new technology with great enthusiasm. In fact, the impact and meaning of photography were compounded by the thrust of modernization and westernization of the Tanzimat movement. By the turn of the century, photography in the Ottoman lands had become a standard feature of everyday life, of public media, and of the state apparatus.

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